3 edition of Covariates of child mortality found in the catalog.
Covariates of child mortality
Endang L. Achadi
1991 by Center for Child Survival, University of Indonesia, National Family Planning Coordinating Board, East-West-Center, East-West Population Institute in Depok, West Java, Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA .
Written in English
Microfiche. Jakarta : Library of Congress Office ; Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, 1994. 1 microfiche ; 11 x 15 cm.
|Statement||Endang Achadi, Christine Costello, Minja Kim Choe.|
|LC Classifications||Microfiche 92/80977 (H)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1, 31 p|
|Number of Pages||31|
|LC Control Number||92945382|
Cox regression models with time-dependent and time-invariant covariates, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were constructed. The authors found that % of the study group had a skin ulcer during the study period and individuals with skin ulcers had significantly higher mortality than those without ulcers (P). People who had their first Cited by: 3. Revised global and regional projections of mortality by cause for years are provided below. Previous projections from to (see links to right) have been updated using the most recent estimates of deaths by cause for year as a starting-point, together with updated projection covariates and projections for specific causes. Basically I have a sample of people in my study. I've done fully-adjusted cox regression using a 7-category factor variable as my main predictor (we'll call it Sum-of-Quartiles) adjusted for age, sex, and other covariates. We're also looking to produce the age-adjusted mortality rates for each level of the 7-category variable.
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Methods We estimated diarrhoeal mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using the Cause of Death Ensemble Model (CODEm), a modelling. child mortality, adult mortality and o verall life expectancy at birth. mortality rate is the number of deaths of children less than 5 years old per live birth while Infant Mortality Rate is Author: Angela Chukwu.
Rationale. Child mortality is regarded as one of the best measures of the health status of a country. 1 There have been gains over the last few years; inunder-five mortality (U5M) was estimated at million, which was a decline from million in 2 However, it has been noted that over the last 20 years the burden of these child deaths is increasingly being concentrated in the Cited by: Abstract.
Child mortality is perhaps one of the most crucial and avoidable global health concerns. The issue is commonly on the agenda of public health and international development agencies and has received renewed attention as a part of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDG).Cited by: Downloadable.
This study investigated factors associated with child mortality in an area in Rawalpindi, one of the large cities of Pakistan.
Using both demographic and anthropological methods, the research was conducted to specifically examine the processes and mechanisms whereby a link is established between child mortality and its covariates. Census-Based Method for Estimating Infant and Child Mortality The above procedure, however, does not yield infant mortality rate under age 1 and childhood mortality rates at ages 1–5.
The estimation of these rates should be treated separately since the nature of the mortality curve during infancy and other childhood period up to 5. A hazards-Model analysis of the covariates of infant and child mortality in Sri Lanka. "A hazards-Model analysis of the covariates of infant and child mortality in Sri Lanka," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol.
20(1), pages [Determinants of infant and under-five mortality and poverty in Niger. Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata, Third Edition, by Sophia Rabe-Hesketh and Anders Skrondal, looks specifically at Stata's treatment of generalized linear mixed models, also known as multilevel or hierarchical models.
These models are mixed because they allow fixed and random effects, and they are generalized because they are appropriate for continuous Gaussian responses as. Cox regression models with time-dependent and time-invariant covariates, and Kaplan–Meier survival curves were constructed.
The authors found that % of the study group had a skin ulcer during the study period and individuals with skin ulcers had significantly higher mortality than those without ulcers (P Cited by: 3. A survival advantage persisted after adjustment for all covariates (HR, p book readers experienced a 20% reduction in risk of mortality over the 12 years of follow up compared to non-book Cited by: This paper focuses on the determinants of infant and child mortality in Kenya.
It specifically examines how infant and child mortality is related to the household’s environmental and socio-economic characteristics, such as mother’s education, source of drinking water, sanitation facility, type of cooking fuels and access to electricity.
A hazard rate framework is used to analyze the. Mortality is the ultimate endpoint for studies of health and wellbeing, and life expectancy is one way to summarize the survival and mortality experiences of different groups of people.
Few give much thought as to how exactly we can know that life expectancy in America fell inas The Economist reports [ Author: Steven M. Day, Robert J. Reynolds. The data set used originates from the demographic and health survey (DHS) conducted in Ethiopia The analysis was conducted using Cox proportional hazards model which analyses the effects of covariates on child mortality and other statistical methods.
Parental Leave and Child Health Christopher J. Ruhm. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in May NBER Program(s):Children, Health Care, Health Economics, Labor Studies This study investigates whether rights to paid parental leave improve pediatric health, as. Correlates of infant and childhood mortality: which includes a review of the theoretical framework, the covariates used to examine mortality over the first 60 months of life, and the major findings of empirical the improvement in infant and child survival leads to rapid population growth, and.
Smoking remains the main cause of preventable early death. However, little is known about the association between parental smoking and child mortality in under-fives in developing countries. This study assesses the association between parental smoking status, smoking amount and smoking frequency with child mortality in under-fives in four Southeast Asian countries (Cambodia, Indonesia, Author: Helen Andriani, Septiara Putri, Reynaldi Ikhsan Kosasih, Hsien-Wen Kuo.
The covariates for this study refer to the mother's and father's level of education, type of place of residence, work status of mother, access to mass-media (whether watch TV at least once a week), sex of the child, access to safe drinking water, access to good sanitary facilities, place of delivery, whether received TT during pregnancy, mother.
Infant, Neonatal, Post neonatal, and Child Mortality During to 94 Ln(-Ln(Slt»)for maternal age at birth against time t in months Ln(-Ln(Sj(t»)for sex of the child against time t in months Ln(-Ln(Sj(t»)for birth order greater than one. Abstract.
The authors assessed the effect of psychological stress on total and cause-specific mortality among men and women. In –, Danish participants in the Copenhagen City Heart Study were asked two questions on stress intensity and frequency and were followed in a nationwide registry untilwith Cited by: L oneliness is a common, distressing feeling that arises from the assessment that one’s social relationships are inadequate (Hawkley & Cacioppo, ; Pinquart & Sorenson, ).Recent research in Western countries suggests that between 20% and 40% of older adult feel lonely (Savikko, Routasalo, Tilvis, Strandberg, & Pitkälä, ).These feelings of loneliness are associated with a Cited by: Improving maternal and child nutritional status is a prerequisite for achieving MDG 4, to reduce child mortality rate in the DRC.
Although there are inequalities in child health and survival in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the influence of distal determinants such as geographic location on children's nutritional status is still unclear.
Site by year covariates (steel blue) a infant mortality rate and b annual precipitation, the country by year covariate (light blue) c corruption perception, the site level covariates (dark grey Cited by: 4. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Effect of a Child's Death on Birth Spacing: A Cross-National Analysis Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, Paul W. Stupp, and Zuguo Mei INTRODUCTION Our purpose in this chapter is. In South-East Asia, the maternal and child mortality rate has declined over the past decades; however, it varies among and within the countries in the region, including Cambodia.
The continuum of care is an integrated series of care that women and children are required to avail continuously from pregnancy to the child/motherhood period. This study aimed to assess the completion rate of the Cited by: 4. Chapter 1 Longitudinal Data Analysis Introduction One of the most common medical research designs is a \pre-post" study in which a single baseline health status measurement is obtained, an interven-tion is administered, and a single follow-up measurement is collected.
In this experimental design the change in the outcome measurement can be as. This empirical study investigated the extent of malnutrition and factors associated with malnutrition amid children aged months in Bangladesh using Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey data, To examine the extent of malnutrition among the children under five in Bangladesh, we used Height-for-age, weight-for-height and weight-for-age.
The association between the selected factors and. Medical Demography: Interaction of Disability Dynamics and Mortality Kenneth G. Manton and Eric Stallard As the elderly have become an ever-growing proportion of the American population, and as society has assumed some responsibility for their health, understanding the relationships among the factors that affect health has become crucial to.
Child mortality in a West African population protected with insecticide-treated curtains for a period of up to 6 years. Bull World Health Organ ; 82 (2): 85– CASCited by: Determinants of Time-to-Under-Five Mortality in Ethiopia: Comparison of Parametric Shared Frailty Models: /IJBCE This article describes how under-five mortality rate is one of the critical indicators of development of a country.
This rate tells of children's access toAuthor: Abebe Argaw Wogi, Shibru Temesgen Wakweya, Yohannes Yebabe Tesfay. Alkema L, New JR. Global estimation of child mortality using a Bayesian B-spline Bias-reduction model. Ann Appl Stat. Dec;8(4)– View Article Google Scholar 4.
UN IGME. Levels & Trends in Child Mortality: ReportEstimates Developed by the Cited by: 5. Introduction to Survival Analysis 4 2.
The Nature of Survival Data: Censoring (covariates) thought to inﬂuence survival time. I A life table records the pattern of mortality with age for some population and provides a basis for calculating the expectation of life at various ages.
Infant and Child Mortality: Biological and Socio-Economic Attributes and Community Characteristics of Child Survival in West Africa. Report Prepared for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Sub-Regional Development Centre for West Africa (SRDC-WA), Niamey, Niger, November.
Book Chapters: Augustine J. Kposowa & Aikaterini Size: 55KB. High rates of infant mortality in Africa continue to be a major public health concern today, despite the fact that most deaths can be prevented from well known, relatively low cost technologies.
Using multiple years of DHS from four countries, we estimate the change in the relative risk of death as well as the main contributions to the change. Despite major improvements in child survival rates, the number of deaths due to diarrhea remains unacceptably high.
We aimed to describe diarrhea-associated mortality and evaluate risk factors for death among Mozambican children with moderate-to-severe diarrhea (MSD). Between December and Novemberchildren under-five with MSD were enrolled in Manhiça district, as part of Author: Sozinho Acácio, Inácio Mandomando, Tacilta Nhampossa, Llorenç Quintó, Delfino Vubil, Charfudin Sacoo.
Child development problems in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) Children in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at risk for problems in their cognitive, social, and behavioural development .These risks carry not only a considerable social burden, but also have a major adverse financial impact on affected societies .These children’s problems commonly occur in the context of Cited by: 1.
dying for a child. Covariates included in the analysis The usual finding is for less likelihood of child mortality where mothers are educated, although there are exceptions (for example, in Kenya and Nigeria, women with years of schooling had a higher child mortality Cited by: 4.
The EFFECT‐HF mortality prediction models estimate the probability of death within 30 days and 1 year of hospitalization for CHF. 17 The model for predicting 1‐year mortality uses 11 variables: age, systolic blood pressure on admission, respiratory rate on admission, low sodium serum concentration (Cited by: Comment from the Stata technical group.
Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata, Second Edition, by Sophia Rabe-Hesketh and Anders Skrondal, looks specifically at Stata’s treatment of generalized linear mixed models, also known as multilevel or hierarchical models are “mixed” because they allow fixed and random effects, and they are “generalized” because they.
Maternal Age and Infant Mortality for White, Black, and Mexican Mothers in the United States. This paper assesses the pattern of infant mortality by maternal age for White, Black, and Mexican mothers, using Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Public. Maternal mortality ratios (–) ranged from to across the six regions.
The longitudinal relationship between female literacy rates and maternal mortality ratios was examined using a latent growth curve approach. The study found that rates of change in female literacy and maternal mortality ratios are negatively by:.
iv Statement of Originality I hereby certify that all of the work described within this thesis is the original work of the author. Any published (or unpublished) ideas and/or techniques from .The paternal age effect is the statistical relationship between paternal age at conception and biological effects on the child.
Such effects can relate to birthweight, congenital disorders, life expectancy and psychological outcomes. A review found that while severe health effects are associated with higher paternal age, the total increase in problems caused by paternal age is low.As a first step, the associations of child-level, household and environmental covariates with wasting and stunting were examined in model A, not accounting for the effects of conflict.
Then, conflict events were divided into two categories: (1) recent conflict: events within 3 months; and (2) longer term conflict: 3–12 months before eachCited by: 6.